Debt finance for funding
Charterhouse works with a number of small businesses and many of these need to look for external funding at some stage, with debt finance being one of the most common sources for both start-ups and existing businesses. In this post we outline what is involved in arranging debt finance and offer some hints and tips.
What is debt finance?
Most debt finance takes the form of a loan to your business that ultimately has to be repaid to the lender. The cost to your business is the repayment of the principal sum; interest incurred on it and any additional fees, such as arrangement and valuation fees.
The following are types of debt finance:
- Bank loans
- Commercial mortgages
- Credit cards
- Factoring and invoice discounting
- Asset finance
- Credit terms with suppliers
Which is the best type of debt finance for your business?
The most appropriate type of debt finance for your business depends on a number of factors. You should think carefully about:
- How much you need to borrow.
- What the money will be used for.
- The period of the loan.
- The security required.
- The repayments your business can afford.
- The level of risk you are comfortable with.
How much should you borrow?
To help you decide how much to borrow, look at what the money is to be used for and estimate the costs of borrowing the money. You will also need to prepare a detailed cash flow forecast for your business and include the capital repayments, interest and any fees associated with the debt. This will allow you to see whether your business can manage the costs of the debt.
What information will lenders need?
In order to decide whether to lend you money, lenders will require the following information
- Accounts for the last two years (preferably prepared by an accountant).
- Budgets and cash flow forecasts.
- Details about customers (especially for factoring and invoice discounting).
- Details about business assets for security.
- Details about your personal financial position, CV and assets owned (and the same information for other directors/owners).
- Business bank statements.
What are the risks?
The ultimate risk is that you will not be able to make the necessary repayments due to a decline in sales or for some other reason. The lender could seize and sell the business' assets provided as security to pay off the remaining debt. If you have given a personal guarantee, you will have to pay the debt yourself, which may require you to sell personal assets.
Hints and tips
- Plan ahead. It can take time to secure the right form of debt finance. Prepare detailed forecasts that can be provided to potential lenders.
- Consider the types of debt finance available to your business. You may want to discuss this with your accountant or other business adviser.
- Work out how much you actually need to borrow. Be realistic; if you do not borrow enough it might be difficult to go back for more. Similarly, you do not want to borrow too much and pay interest
Charterhouse is a providor of accountancy services and solutions with offices based in Harrow and Beaconsfield and clients in London, the Home Counties and the rest of the UK. At Charterhouse we believe in transforming problems into solutions, creating the freedom for our clients to aim higher!